Why do we dream?
Are we talking philosophically or in a more biological sense here? In a strictly biological sense I believe a popular theory is it our brains processing information and metaphorically uploading the results into our sub-conscious.
Philosophically speaking I believe it is a motivational technique to have us push ourselves onward.
Do you think a person’s name influences the person they become?
Not really, but I think it influences how we view them.
Dog Shit by any other name would smell just as foul….
Does hardship make a person stronger? (example: What doesn’t kill you, makes you stronger)
Not so much stronger but perhaps numb to events. The latter is a bit of a myth, ask anyone who has survived a major health issue if they are stronger.
Why do we judge ourselves by our intentions, but judge others by their actions?
Because we fundamentally selfish and wish to let ourselves off, there is a reason for the saying in regards to the road to Hell..